The Barcelona Pavilion is one of the most influential works of modern architecture. Made by the German-American architect Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969). Also commonly referred to as Mies, his surname. Along with Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius and Frank Lloyd Wright. Therefor he is one of the pioneers of modern architecture.
The Barcelona Pavilion was the German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona, Spain. Therefore this building was used for the official opening of the German section of the exhibition. Also well known for its simple form and its spectacular use of extravagant materials. Marble, red onyx and travertine. And the same features of minimalism and spectacular can be applied to the prestigious furniture. Finally Mies specifically designed for the building, the iconic Barcelona chair.
In mid-1928, months before the opening of the International Exhibition of Barcelona, Georg von Schnitzler commissioned the team of Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich to design the German National section. This was an excellent opportunity to show the new spirit of the Republic of Weimer. At the time, the building represented a sample of Germany’s clarity, simplicity and honesty. Then in 1930, after the exhibition, as planned they dismantled the building.
Years after, in the late 50s Mies Van der Rohe enjoyed undisputed international fame. Since the Pavilion meant a key to understand not only the history of the modern movement, but also its evolution. So during this time Oriol Bohigas posed the project of reconstruction to Mies. Finally the project took place in 1986. A faithful reproduction stands in the same original site of the original Pavilion, signed by the architects Cristian Cirici, Fernando Ramos and Ignasi de Solà-Morales. In June 2016, Barcelona commemorated 30 years of the reconstruction.
Most of all this work is the highlight of the European leg of Mies van der Rohe. Therefor it represents a strong statement of principles, which presents a new way of understanding architecture. Forever influencing generations of future architects to come.
Mies van der Rohe allowed for great freedom to implement their ideas, which conveyed modernity. As well think of a fluid space open floor, where hierarchies are diluted. Also the radical structural simplicity will become the hallmark of the work of the architect who popularized the slogan “less is more”. In construction, noble materials as green marble, onyx, and travertino. In addition these coexist with modern elements, such as steel and large sheets of glass. Then two sheets of water complete space-reflecting surfaces that function as a labyrinth of mirrors. Where Kolbe’s sculpture – Der Morgen (Dawn) – multiplies to infinity. Furniture pavilion highlights the Barcelona chair that has become an icon of modernity.